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MBA联考英语写作中 如何提高语言表现力?

日期:2018-11-15 来源:清大EMBA总裁班培训官网 阅读:135

在MBA英语写作中,除了要认真审题确保切题,并尽量做到立意深刻外,更要显示出自己驾驭语言的能力,通过多变的句式,经典语法的使用等多种形式表现出自己灵活的语言使用能力。

如何提高语言的表现力?以下几点技巧能帮你快速解决问题。

虚拟语气

 当表示强烈建议、命令、愿望、请求时使用虚拟语气。

 ☆If I were you,I would accept this proposal.

 ☆You had better work hard on your English.

 ☆It is high time that we shattered the illusion that we can succeed without hard work.

 ☆If we had been aware of environmental conservation,our environment would be better.

 ☆Had we been aware of environmental conservation,our environment would be better now.

 ☆My suggestion for you is that you should persist in your goal,no matter what situation you are in.

 ☆It is ssential/important/necessary/urgent/desirable that we should collaborate actively.

被动语态

 书面英语尽量避免用人作主语常用被动语态。

 ☆Feasible measures can be worked out to address the issue of overpressure undertaken by the youth.

 ☆The traffic congestion can be alleviated through the following feasible measures.

经典句型

 ☆It is the application of human’s ingenuity that boosts the advances of science and technology.

 ☆There is causality between economic growth and environment pollution.

 ☆It is universally acknowledged that importance should be attached to English.

 ☆There is no denying that water is indispensable to human beings.

 ☆No one can overlook the fact that our life has been changed through the advance of science and technology.

 ☆Few things are as secure as insurance,which is widely held by most countries in the world.

 ☆Any nation ignoring the warning sign would inescapably pay a heavy price.

 ☆It is time that we put an immediate end to the deplorable situation.

 ☆There is no better time to start than right now,for you will never be offered a greater chance than you are at this moment.

 ☆Schopenhauer is right in saying/asserting/remarking that'a man can do what he wants,but can’t want what he wants'and it has been a real inspiration to me since my youth:it has been a continual consolation to people faced with life’s hardships,and an unfailing wellspring of tolerance.

 ☆The latest study conducted by researchers in 2012 demonstrates that the system reduced teen car crashes.

 ☆An example of my friends,perhaps,will make this point clear.

 ☆There is a belief that reading the classics enables the youth to dwell on the beauty and complexity of life,which is both beneficial and essential to their personal growth.

 ☆We are convinced that the problem will definitely be eradicated through the measures given above.

 ☆It is no coincidence that the accidents occur after drinking.

 ☆It is desirable that college students should do some part-time jobs.

 ☆Environmentalists deem it critical that the electronic trash(should)be reclaimed and recycled in an environmentally friendly manner.

 ☆There is a probability that the ability to use English is elevated through persistent practice.

另外,通过以下简单可行的方法使表达尽量地道。

 词性的选择

 书面英语应尽可能地将重点动词和形容词转化为名词使用。

 试比较以下三个句子:

 ☆I experienced/suffered a failure in the completion of the task.

 ☆I didn’t complete the task.

 ☆I failed to complete the task.

注意措词

 选择单词时尽量使用具体而又准确的单词,越准确越具体越好;避免使用太大且又口语化的单词。

 ☆Lower interest rates can boost the economy by reducing borrowing costs for consumers and businesses.

 ☆The new airport will facilitate the development of tourism.

 ☆There is talk of raising the admission requirements to restrict the number of students on campus.

 ☆She was unable to restrain her desperate anger.

 ☆He called for much stricter curbs on immigration.

 ☆There is certainly much work which is exceedingly irksome,and an excess of work is always very painful.

 ☆These markets have much in common,but each is also remarkably different.

 ☆Cyber communication jeopardizes the growth of children.

 ☆unceasing enhancement

 ☆He never ceases to amaze me.

 ☆He lived illegally in the United States for five years after his visitor’s visa expired.

 ☆When the decision was made to abort the mission,there was great confusion.

注意否定句的表达

 书面英语表达尽量避免出现否定词NOT。

 ☆Few people believe that great object can be achieved without unyielding efforts.

 ☆I missed the first bus.

 ☆People in the early era had little protection.

 ☆I suffered a failure in improving my management ability.

 ☆They abhor all forms of racial discrimination.

 ☆People resent the unfairness in the society.

 ☆He is absent from the conference.

强调可以通过双重否定来实现

 ☆It is not uncommon that there is a deficiency of iron in our bodies.

 ☆Internet crimes are never rare cases.

 ☆No one can deny the fact that fair play is indispensable to any industry.

当状语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,用分词作状语

 ☆Being so busy tonight,Tom was absent from the class.

 ☆He is sitting at the table,reading a magazine aimlessly.

 ☆He is seated in the club,sipping wine.

 ☆The deficiency of resources is the most challenging issue,choking economic growth.

当状语从句的主语与主句主语不一致时,可尝试用独立主格结构

 ☆Weather permitting,we will have a picnic.

 ☆With the economy growing,standard of living has been rising.

 ☆What our society would be like there being no morality/virtue?

 ☆There being no bus,I have to walk home.

使用倒装句

 ☆So many are the homeless that the local government can’t cope with.

 ☆Not only should the government focus on the issue;but also each individual is obliged to work on it.

 ☆Not until the Monday did I realize that I had commited a blunder.

 ☆Only through painstaking efforts can we learn English well.

学习使用非谓语动词作定语

 ☆Young people changing their jobs can get massive merits.

 ☆This is a book written by Lu Xun.

 ☆The number of students deciding to further their study abroad has increased a lot.

 ☆Not having a good command of English is a serious obstacle preventing you from securing a good job.

多用主语从句和同位语从句

 ☆What we should do first is to memorize the new words.

 ☆We can reach a conclusion thattraffic congestion can be resolved effectively by the measures given above.

恰当地运用关联词

 ☆Consequently

 ☆Yet/whereas/conversely/contrarily/however

 ☆And/as well as/together with

 ☆Initially/additionally/besides/of course/then

 ☆For one thing,for another

 ☆On one hand,on the other hand

 ☆For example,for instance

 ☆A case in the point is that...

 ☆Take...as an example/cite

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